In June 2021, a group of independent UN experts Express their concerns over allegations of organ harvesting from minority groups, including Falun Gong practitioners, Uyghurs, Tibetans, Muslims and Christians, detained in China. According to declaration, the experts, including Mr. Fernand de Varennes, special rapporteur on minority issues; Mr. Ahmed Shaheed, Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief; Mr. Nils Melzer, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, has received “credible information according to which detainees belonging to ethnic, linguistic or religious minorities may be subjected to forcible blood tests. and organ examinations such as ultrasound and x-rays. , without their informed consent; while other prisoners are not required to undergo such examinations. The results of the examinations would be recorded in a database of living organ sources which facilitates the allocation of organs.
the declaration further indicated that “according to the allegations received, the organs most frequently removed from prisoners are the heart, kidneys, liver, cornea and, less frequently, parts of liver. This form of medical trafficking would involve professionals from the health sector, including surgeons, anesthetists and other medical specialists.
This is not the first time that the UN has raised the issue of organ harvesting in China. Indeed, similar concerns were raised by the UN with the Chinese government in 2006 and 2007, however, without any adequate response.
Likewise, the organ harvesting issue has been investigated by an investigation, the so-called Chinese court. On June 17, 2019, the Chinese Court released a 60-page document abstract of its judgment, finding that crimes against humanity had been committed, as defined in article 7 of the Rome Statute. This included murder, extermination, imprisonment or any other serious deprivation of physical liberty, torture, rape or any other form of sexual violence, persecution on racial, national, ethnic, cultural or religious grounds which are universally recognized as inadmissible under international law.
After identifying the crimes, the Chinese court made recommendations on possible measures that could be taken, for example, an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice could be obtained on the issue of organ harvesting, or the Council of UN human rights questions could create a mandate for a special rapporteur to investigate these allegations of forced organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience. However, he left the ultimate decision on what action to take “to citizens, activists and motivated politicians …” forcing them to put pressure on “… governments to do what may be considered their duty. to deal with any such revealed wickedness. . ”
No action followed. Now, two years later, the UN is again trying to engage the Chinese government on the matter. In the meantime, news of new human rights violations have emerged, including atrocities against Uyghurs, including torture and abuse, including rape and sexual violence, separation of children from their parents, forced sterilizations, forced abortions, forced labor and much more. These reports, while they may have elicited some reactions from individual states, have resulted in little or no meaningful action at the United Nations. It does not give much hope that the situation will change and that atrocities, whether perpetrated against Falun Gong practitioners, Uyghurs or others, will one day be dealt with.